Why do leaves fade in orchids?
Orchid is a tender, beautiful and very whimsical plant requiring special care. And if its leaves began to fade, it means that there is something wrong with the flower. But for what reasons can such a problem arise? For flower growers, it will be interesting to know.
Why do leaves fade?
The causes of orchid leaves wilt may vary. We list the most common:
- Lack of moisture. If there is an excess of water, then the plant will begin to fill the deficit at the expense of succulent leaves, because of what they will become less dense and begin to fade. And the wrong watering is a common mistake of many beginning florists. Orchid is an unpredictable plant, so you only need to focus on its condition, and not on certain rules. And if you water the flower with a certain periodicity, without taking into account the conditions of the contents, it can lead to a shortage of moisture. So, in summer and especially on hot days, the soil dries out very quickly, and the lack of water is detrimental for the orchid.
- Waterlogging.Yes, an excess of moisture can also harm the plant and lead to decay of the root system. And if the roots deteriorate, they will not be able to fully supply moisture and nutrients to the stems and leaves, which will lead to wilt.
- Unsuitable soil. If it is too dense, it will lose its permeability, block access of oxygen to the roots and disrupt the natural circulation of air. And if the root system does not receive oxygen, it will start to rot, which will lead to damage and withering of the ground parts of the plant.
- Incorrect feeding. Fertilizers are necessary for the active growth of the plant, but they must be made in accordance with the needs and characteristics of the flower. In addition, you must comply with the instructions given in the instructions attached to the tool. So, if you increase the dosage, it will lead to an overabundance of certain substances that definitely will not be useful for orchids. No less harmful and deficiency. But most often the fertilizer concentration is exceeded, and this often leads to damage and chemical burns to the roots, which are almost immediately affected by the leaves.
- Overheat. It will inevitably lead to the rapid evaporation of moisture, which will disappear from the leaves and provoke their rotting. In this case, the green parts tend to turn yellow and look withered.This problem can occur when placing a pot with a plant in an inappropriate place, for example, near a heater, a gas stove or on a window sill on which direct sunlight falls.
- If the leaves wither and fall, it can signal the defeat of the roots. They are capable of attacking mold fungi and other pathogens. And with the defeat of the leaves themselves, you will certainly notice on them traces of pests, manifested in the form of damage or stains. If the green began to fade, then most likely, it is the roots that are affected. As a result of their disease, the nutrition of terrestrial parts will be disrupted, which will cause wilting.
- Inaccurate transplant. If during the “relocation” of the orchid you damaged the roots and did not disinfect them, then bacteria could penetrate inside. And if the long branch is accidentally removed, the root system can weaken greatly. In both cases, the ground parts of the orchid will react and begin to deteriorate.
How to solve a problem?
What if the orchid leaves fade? Naturally, you need to find out the causes of such a problem. To do this, observe the flower and carefully analyze the conditionsits content. If direct sunlight falls on the leaves during the day, then surely they rot because of this. Check the soil daily to make sure that it does not dry out and that the water does not stagnate.
If you have not identified any obvious problems, then it is advisable to consider the roots, since they may be the focus of withering. Carefully dig the orchid out of the ground and assess the condition of the root system. If the roots have a light green hue with a barely noticeable silvery outflow, then they are likely to be healthy. But if you find dry, sluggish or darkened areas, the cause of wilting lies precisely in the defeat of the roots.
If you have identified the main cause of wilting, then immediately begin to eliminate it. Your actions will depend on what exactly caused the decay. If the plant is overheated, quickly move it to a shaded area, and moisten well to prevent evaporation of moisture. If there is not enough water, then fill its deficit. In case of excess, it is worthwhile to dry and ventilate the soil thoroughly.
In the case when the cause of wilting is bad ground, it must be replaced.To do this, carefully remove the orchid from the pot, gently shake from the roots of the remnants of the earth, and then transplant the plant in another soil. Also, transplantation should be carried out with the defeat of the roots, since the microorganisms got into them from the soil and continue to live in it.
But in this case, be sure to treat the roots with an insecticidal agent. In case of damage, you can immerse the roots in a solution of potassium permanganate for several hours. It is desirable to remove strongly spoiled processes, and to cut off the cut-off sites with ashes or process them with potassium permanganate.
Let your orchid make you happy with vigorous growth and fresh green leaves!
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