Why do honey bees
How honey is made
Honey is the main component of the winter diet of bees. In fact, it helps them survive the cold weather. In the warm season, the bees collect flower nectar for the production of honey. Nectar contains a large amount of water, so the bees perform a lot of action to remove excess water from it. This process occurs due to evaporation, which is provided by heat and ventilation of the hive. In addition, the bees add the enzymes of their own bodies to honey in order to transform floral nectar into food and “preserve” it. In the process of maturation, honey is repeatedly transferred from cell to cell, each time adding a preservative. Honey matures from eight to ten days. After it matures, the bees seal the cells with a thin layer of wax to prevent the honey from fermenting, which is used as food by the bees.Honey has a number of positive properties. It improves metabolism, has bactericidal properties, has a tonic and anti-inflammatory effects. Honey helps to normalize sleep.
Other types of bee food
Bees collect not only flower nectar, but also flower pollen. The latter is a protein feed for bees. Dense lumps of bee pollen are put in separate cells of honeycombs, they are well tamped, and honey is poured over them. This is called perga, it is the basis of protein nutrition of bees. That is, these insects feed on liquid food (honey and non-transformed nectar) and solid.
If in a dry summer there is not enough flower nectar, the bees begin to make honey from the sweet secretions of other insects - leaf, worm or aphid. Bees collect the excretions of these insects from the leaves of plants. Another source of raw materials for honey is honeydew and sugary substances of plants. Fir, spruce, linden, oak, maple, willow, hazel, apple and other trees give the bee raw materials for honeydew honey.This high-quality honey very rarely causes an allergic reaction even in the most "complex" allergy sufferers. Most often, the negative effect of impurities and additives contained in low-quality honey.
Such honey is not less valuable than floral honey, but it is not suitable for bees as a winter diet, since it contains too many mineral salts.
People, breeding bees, take a large part of the honey for themselves. If you do not compensate for the bees collected honey, insects can die from hunger. Therefore, in the winter, beekeepers feed bees with a thick sugar syrup, which can partially replace honey.
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