Symptoms and treatment of hernia

Hernia can be both inguinal and femoral, depending on the location. It causes a person not only aesthetic discomfort, but also pain, sometimes very strong, so if a hernia occurs, you should seek medical help.

Causes of hernia and its symptoms


In most cases, the hernia is inguinal. It occurs where the lower anterior abdominal wall is connected to the upper thigh. An inguinal hernia can be in both men and women. It occurs for many reasons: due to the lifting of heavy loads, large overweight, pregnancy, poor development of the muscles of the lower abdominal press.An inguinal hernia sometimes occurs even because of such a delicate cause, like constipation, when bowel movement occurs only when there is a strong strain.
Femoral hernia occurs much less frequently, usually in women. It occurs either due to excess weight, or during pregnancy, slightly below the inguinal ligament.
What are the signs of an inguinal hernia? With such a hernia, a person feels periodic pain in the lower abdomen. The muscles near the groin or harden (sometimes there is a feeling that they are cramped), or, on the contrary, become too soft, relaxed. The “fallen out” part of the intestine is clearly distinguishable in the form of a semicircular bulge. The pain syndrome can suddenly become very strong, that is, the hernia makes itself felt immediately.
In case of severe pain, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor, as this may indicate the infringement of the precipitated part of the intestine by the muscles of the abdominal wall. And such infringement can cause gangrene of this area of ​​the intestine, with subsequent inflammation of the abdominal cavity.Therefore, if you experience severe pain, immediately call an ambulance.
If you have an inguinal hernia, try not to understand the severity. If this cannot be avoided, do not lean over the load, but squat. When straightening, keep your back straight so that the main load falls on your leg muscles, not your back and abdominals.

How is hernia treated


The most common treatment is surgical. At the same time, the dropped out part of the intestine is reduced back into the abdominal cavity, and the weakened part of the muscular wall of the abdomen is strengthened (stitched). The operation is quite simple and almost never causes complications, so you should not abandon it. Self-medication (for example, through folk remedies) is dangerous to health.

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