Olives and olives - what is the difference
Olives and olives grow on the tree, which is called European olive. In the article we will understand what is the difference between olives and olives, what are their benefits and harm to the body, tell you where they grow and how they grow.
The name "olives" is used exclusively in Russia, in other countries they are called "olives".
Oliva is one of the most popular and beloved trees in its homeland. According to legends, it symbolizes the magical connection of the earth with the sky, so it was revered from ancient times. In ancient Greece, the winners of the Olympic Games were awarded with olive wreaths. It was from Greece that olives and olives began to spread throughout the world. Gradually, olive trees conquered America and Africa, and the fruits were exported to all continents.
Today, a beautiful tree with leaves, like silver, personifies wisdom and nobility. The olive tree holds a special place in religion, being a symbol of rebirth. The olive branch brought a pigeon to Noah's ark, which heralded the end of the flood, and the opportunity to return to the land.
The food is used and the fruits of the olive tree, and oil from them.There are pickling and oil varieties of olive, the percentage of oil in which reaches 80%.
What is the difference between olives and olives?
In Russia, the term “olives” is used to designate the fruits of the green olive tree, the black fruits of the same tree are called “olives”.Some gourmets believe that these are fruits of different trees, others that their difference is due to different degrees of maturity. Both olives and olives grow on the same tree - the European olive, and differ only in the degree of ripening.
Only green olives are suitable for conservation. Ripe black fruits are used for processing. Oil is made of them. The black or green color of canned fruit is determined by the technology used in production. Technological processing and production stages do not differ as a whole among different manufacturers, but there may be some subtleties between them.
Green fruits are manually collected from trees and placed in special baskets. To collect ripe fruits, small grids are placed under each tree. In them berries are showered, then divided by size. This stage is called calibration. After that, to remove a specific bitter taste, olives are soaked in bulk vats in a solution based on caustic soda.
The fruits that we buy with black are placed in special containers into which oxygen enters, and the oxidation process is carried out. Olives are oxidized from seven to ten days, after which they become black and soft, and they all acquire the familiar savory taste.
In the technology of conservation of green olives, the oxidation stage is absent. After processing, olives canned in brine. Here, manufacturers can show imagination by adding spices and other ingredients to the brine, creating a corporate flavor.
The storage of the product takes place in large-volume plastic tanks, which are interconnected and placed underground. The capacity of one such barrel is about 10 tons. When the time comes for the next steps (pitting, packing), olives are pumped out of the barrels using special pumps.
Benefits and harm to the body
The diet of the inhabitants of the Mediterranean can not be imagined without olives and olive oil, which is considered the most useful. According to the legends of the Mediterranean peoples, the olive tree does not die, so those who love its fruits are characterized by excellent health and vitality.
- The composition of olives contains more than one hundred different substances. The properties of some of them have not even been studied.
- Berries - a great preventive measure against diseases of blood vessels, liver, stomach, heart.
- Even the bones of olives, which are perfectly digested in the process of digestion, are eaten.
- Of particular benefit to the body is a set of three types of phenolic substances: lignans, simple phenols, secoiridoids.
- Olives are a storehouse of useful substances, such as oleokantal, an anti-inflammatory and anesthetic.
Berries contain monounsaturated fats and vitamin E that can lower cholesterol and protect blood vessels from atherosclerosis, squalene, which has a preventive effect on the development of skin cancer, oleic acid, which prevents the development of breast cancer.
Where grow and how to grow olives and olives
What is an olive tree so much loved by gourmets? The trunk of an olive tree can be heard widely in breadth, while its height rarely reaches more than 1 meter. If you do not ensure proper care of the tree, it will very quickly turn into a bush and will die because of a lack of light at the base.
Olive is a perennial plant that can reproduce and be renewed. The roots of the tree go down to 80 cm. The olive tree is able to survive in dry conditions, and can tolerate up to 10 ° of frost.
Today, the European olive grows throughout the Mediterranean. It is so popular that it spread to the countries of North and South America, Asia Minor, India, Australia, North-East Africa and East Asia.
Spain is recognized as the leader in supplying olives, where up to 80% of all table olives are supplied by the Andalusia region. The share of its supplies on the world market reaches 50%, so most of the olives and olives represented on the Russian shelves are brought from Spain. In Russia, olives do not grow, but finding them in stores is not difficult.
There are more than 400 varieties of Greek olives. Usually the names of the variety of olives are obtained from the place where they grow. Depending on the purpose of use, the olives are divided into three groups:
- Canteens, eaten as a whole and intended for canning. The varieties are Chalkidiki, Conservolia, Amfisa, Kalamon (Kalamata), Frumbolia.
- Oilseeds used in oil production.This is a famous variety Koroneyki and others.
- Combined or canned oil. These include the Manaki variety.
Olives are an unusual product, they are tasty and healthy. Few plants can compare with olives in the amount of vitamins, microelements, fiber. Once having fallen in love with their taste, you will forever remain their admirer.
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