Eschsoltsiya - chic option for decorating the garden
Bright and beautiful flowers are often used by gardeners and landscape architects to decorate household plots. This culture is very popular due to the large number and richness of shades, as well as simplicity and simplicity of cultivation.
This flower is especially good in the design of the Moorish lawn, as it is ideally combined with cloves, cornflowers, clover and flax. Eschsoltsiya looks great in the compositions of alpine slides, complementing purslane, iberis and lobelia with its unique shape and color.
Features and varieties
Eschsoltia, which is also called the California poppy, is an unpretentious plant, so its cultivation is available even to novice growers. Even despite the fact that its homeland is California, an area with a warm climate and good sun illumination, the plant can be planted on a site with a temperate climate - with a competent approach, it will please the owners eye with beautiful flowering that lasts the entire summer season and another half of autumn.
The California poppy is a herbaceous perennial with a taproot. It is a green bush with a height of up to 40 cm, on which are thin and long shoots. The leaves of the bush are pale green, attached to the stalk by a long handle.
Flowering begins as early as the beginning of June: flowers in diameter do not exceed 5-6 cm and can have a varied color, as can be seen in the photo - orange, red, peach, pink, etc. Varieties escholtsii not so much, today there are just over ten varieties.
Reproduction of flowers in the natural environment occurs as a self-sowing, as in most similar cultural plantations, so their planting usually consists of sowing seeds in the soil, although this can also be done with the help of seedlings.
Place, time and method of landing
Knowing how to grow eshsholtsiyu on your site, you can achieve its beautiful and long flowering. The planting should not be placed in heavy clay soils - such conditions are very poorly tolerated. It is better to plant it in areas with sandy and sandy sandy soils, in which natural drainage prevails, since sufficient aeration of the roots is a necessary condition for the successful development of the flower.
To grow a healthy culture, it is best to place it in areas with abundant sunlight without stagnant humidity. Planting is made from seeds that are pre-collected from the withered fruit. Its fruits in the form of boxes appear a month after flowering: they crack quite easily, while dropping their seeds to the ground.
If you get rid of the fruit that comes in time, you can extend the flowering period. The shelf life of the seeds should not exceed 2-3 years, because over time they lose their germination.
Sowing seeds should be in open ground and in a permanent place, as long core roots can be damaged during the subsequent transplant of shoots. Another option is planting flowers under glass - the emerging young shoots must then be transplanted into pots of peat and humus, which then should be transferred to a permanent place.
Cultivation of crops is carried out in autumn and in spring. Autumn varieties, planted in October, begin to bloom in early May. When planting, the seeds should be slightly pressed into the ground, and the soil from above should be mulched to prevent the ground surface from solidifying.In the fall, the seeds undergo a natural stratification and therefore are highly germinating.
If sowing is planned for spring, store planting material in the refrigerator, in a dark place. For uniform sowing, it is recommended to mix the seeds with sand.
Seedlings appear already after a couple of weeks, and the first procedures for their care can be carried out when the sprouts are 12–15 cm high: first of all they are thinned out so that the distance between them is not less than 20 cm.
Pests and diseases
In the arid heat of the plant can attract malicious insects. So, a spider mite often appears on the edge - a dangerous pest capable of destroying a plant in a short period. It attaches to the back of the sheet and causes damage by piercing it and laying eggs. Insecticides are commonly used to combat it, the most effective of which is Actellic.
Too abundant watering leads to rotting of the roots and other parts of the plantation, therefore at the first sign of watering should be reduced or suspended. The rotting parts of the plant should be destroyed, and if the damage is too pronounced, it is necessary to destroy the entire planting.
At the beginning of the summer season, a bean aphid can settle in large quantities on a flower, which begins to actively multiply and suck the sap from its leaves and shoots. It is necessary to fight it immediately, since the parasites multiply very quickly.
The best way is to spray the plants with broths of odorous herbs or chemicals, for which the Commander may be suitable. If the plant is attacked by diseases such as, for example, powdery mildew, it is necessary to treat it with sulfur.
How to care about the culture?
Care for planting is not difficult due to their unpretentiousness. The main actions are to:
- to choose the right place for planting an escort;
- to irrigate cultures regularly and not very abundantly, spending the procedure in the evening;
- feed as needed with mineral fertilizers, especially before flowering;
- frequently check the leaves and stems for the presence of parasites and diseases, and get rid of them in a timely manner;
- carry out timely pruning to bloom was abundant. To do this, cut off all the fruits and wilted flowers.
By following the simple rules for growing and caring for a plant, you can very soon admire the bright lush flowering of the California poppy.
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