Do you know what a chaman is?

If you like savory dishes from different cuisines of the world, then you will probably be interested to learn in detail about such seasoning as chaman. Find out how to make and use it.

What it is?

Chaman is one of the names of a herbaceous plant belonging to the legume family. Otherwise it is called fenugrek, shambala or fenugreek. Homeland is considered Pakistan and India. But the plant was known to the Egyptians, who used it to mummify the bodies. In Europe, fenugreek began to be used as a medicine, but then it began to be added to dishes.

Chaman is also an Armenian seasoning, which is a mixture of spicy ingredients, among which, of course, is fenugreek. This spice has a tart savory taste and a specific characteristic aroma that distinguish this culinary supplement from many others. In Armenia, seasoning is used in the preparation of dried meat - basturma, but it can also be included in other dishes.


Seasoning chaman is very useful, since it contains mucus, proteins, alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, as well as essential oils. Consider the basic properties:

  • This spice is a natural and quite powerful accelerator of metabolism. It literally boosts metabolism and increases the speed of many reactions occurring in the human body.
  • Chaman helps to increase appetite, stimulates the production of gastric juice and helps to fully digest all the components of food.
  • This seasoning accelerates blood circulation and, accordingly, improves the blood supply of all important systems and organs, which has a favorable effect on their functioning.
  • Like many other spicy seasonings, chaman helps to break down fats, thereby speeding the process of losing weight and helping to keep fit.
  • Spice helps to cope with colds faster and strengthens the immune system.
  • Chaman strengthens and cleans the vascular walls, reduces the risk of atherosclerosis.
  • Spice has anti-inflammatory properties and helps to stop inflammatory processes in various tissues and organs.
  • Chaman will help stimulate the production of milk during lactation.
  • With regular use of seasoning will reduce blood sugar levels and prevent its sharp jumps.
  • Spice normalizes the frequency of contractions of the heart muscle, contributes to its nutrition and strengthening.

How to make yourself?

The composition of the seasoning includes several components. The list of ingredients is as follows:

  • 450 g of fenugreek seeds;
  • 450 g ground red pepper (you can use a mixture of paprika and chili);
  • 200-220 g of garlic;
  • a teaspoon of cumin (i.e., zira);
  • one tsp black pepper;
  • a teaspoon of scented pepper;
  • water (the amount you determine in the cooking process).


  1. Fenugreek seeds need to grind, using a mortar, grinder or blender. It is better to achieve the consistency of the powder, then the seasoning will become uniform.
  2. Peel and chop the garlic in any way, for example, skip through a meat grinder or press, immerse in a blender.
  3. Water bring to a boil, and then cool to about 30-35 degrees.
  4. Begin to gradually introduce warm water into the milled fenugreek, evenly and constantly stirring everything. As a result, you should have a gruel, a consistency that resembles mustard.
  5. Enter the rest of the ingredients into the mass, stirring everything carefully.
  6. The container with the finished mixture is closed and left overnight so that it is infused, and all the ingredients give off the taste and aroma.

This kind of spice is used to make basturma.And to get a universal seasoning for any dishes, you can simply mix fenugreek, zir, red, sweet and black peppers and grind it all.

How to apply?

Chaman seasoning is widely used in Armenian cuisine. So, it is ideal for meat, giving it a piquancy and an interesting flavor. Especially good spice goes with beef and lamb. But also the chaman can be added to garnishes, for example, dishes from rice or vegetables, such as tomatoes, eggplants. The seasoning will become an unusual addition to the soup: it can be introduced into the kharcho instead of hop-suneli.

You can use one fenugreek: it is added to bread and other pastries for flavoring, used for cooking dishes from meat, beans, rice and even fish. But the amount of such seasoning should be moderate, as it has a bright specific smell and tart taste.

If you like spicy seasonings, then for sure you can appreciate the chaman and use it for cooking.

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