Preventing Pre-Diabetes

Diabetes Prevention and Risk

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Lifestyle changes go a long way in lowering your type 2 diabetes risk, but your doctor should help guide your progress. Asking these questions will get things headed in the right direction.

Are You at Risk?
Ask your doctor if you should be screened for diabetes earlier than age 45 if any of the following apply to you:

1. Had gestational diabetes
2. Are overweight—especially if you tend to carry the extra pounds around your middle
3. Have a family history of diabetes
4. Gave birth to a baby weighing over 9 pounds
5. Have HDL cholesterol under 35
6. Have high blood levels of triglycerides (over 150 mg/dL)
7. Have high blood pressure (130/85 mm Hg or higher)
8. Had blood sugar of 100 mg/dL on a fasting test or over 140 mg/dL on an oral glucose tolerance test
9. Aren't that active
10. Have polycystic ovarian syndrome
11. Are of African-American, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander or Native American descent

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Do I need a fasting blood sugar check for diabetes?
If you're overweight and have any other risk factors, experts say you do, no matter what your age. At age 45, everyone needs one.

Based on my blood sugar and other factors, do I have metabolic syndrome?
You have this condition—and are at an increased risk for diabetes—if you have three of these five signs:

1. A waist of 35 inches or more (40 for men)
2. Triglycerides of 150 mg/dL or higher
3. High-density lipoprotein (HDL ) cholesterol level below 50 mg/dL (below 40 mg/dL for men)
4. Blood pressure of 130/85 mm Hg or higher (or high blood pressure that's controlled with medication)
5. A fasting blood sugar reading of 100 mg/dL or higher.

If my blood sugar is higher than normal, how often will you retest to make sure I'm doing all I can to bring it back into a healthy range?
Experts recommend retests annually, and sometimes even more frequently, for people with pre-diabetes.

For a more specific assessment of your diabetes risk, check out the American Diabetes Association's new risk calculator, My Health Advisor, at

You have the power to lower your risk for diabetes. Visit on November 9, 2010 at 1 p.m. EST for Your Anti-Diabetes Action Plan, a conversation between Woman's Day health director Amy F. Brightfield and Deneen Vojta, MD, Senior Vice President of the UnitedHealth Center for Health Reform and Modernization.

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Date: 10.12.2018, 12:29 / Views: 72443