Balsamin - a beautiful and interesting houseplant
Professional flower growers and just fans of indoor plants have a lot of plants, but among them there are the most beautiful and beloved ones. And many people like romantic balsam. And how to properly care for him?
What is this plant?
Balsam is a common name for a family of perennial or annual herbaceous plants, which are represented in most cases shrub. There are only two genera in it: Impatiens, as well as monotypic, that is, consisting of only one representative of Hydrocera.
In the people there are other names of such plants. The most common is “touchy” (this is how the name of the genus Impatiens is translated). And this is due to the fact that after pollination balsam forms a box with seeds that literally explode from any slightest touch.
Another name of the flower - "Roly wet." And it is explained by the fact that after watering drops appear on the tips of the leaves, so-called sweet tears, which can be sugared. Also balsam is called “light” for bright flowers.
Balsamin looks like a small bush with oblong leaves, usually green, mottled, burgundy or even red. The photo shows that the flowers are bright, they can have an unusual shape and interestingly located petals. The color can be white, orange, yellow, mauve or red. There are two-colored petals. By the way, perennial balsams can blossom literally the whole year, if, of course, they are properly taken care of.
The most common plant species is impatiens balsamic, Waller's balsam, the so-called New Guinean balsamine (hybrid), ferruginous impatiens, and also ordinary.
How to grow?
How to grow indoor balsam? The easiest way is to buy an adult potted plant. But in this case, the flower due to the change of conditions and fertilizers can get sick and die. If you want to see your balsam "from a small age", then try to grow it from a cut or from seeds. Below about each method in more detail.
Growing from seed
If you decide to grow balsam from the seed, then put a few seeds in the ground (preferably in a wide container), then pour it. Next, you need to cover the pot with a film,This will create a greenhouse effect and increase the germination rate.
It is best to grow a plant at a temperature of from 20 to 25 degrees. And the ideal for the emergence of the first shoots of soil is a mixture of turf and humus. Moisten the soil regularly and air it, and when sprouts appear, spread them out, that is, swoop down. Choose the strongest escape and plant it in a full pot.
Growing from cuttings
Cutting is the easiest and fastest way to breed and grow. Just cut with a knife a young but well-grown lateral shoot and place it in water (rather deeply, otherwise it may dry). When the roots appear, you can plant a cutting in the ground.
How to care?
Balsam care includes several important points.
The Right Pot
The pot must fit the size of the plant, because from an excessively large volume of soil balsam will not be able to get moisture and nutrients, and in a close “home” it will be uncomfortable, which will affect the development and flowering. The container should not be too wide and flat; the height can be equal to or slightly larger than the diameter.Be sure to have a hole in the bottom, through it will leave excess moisture.
We should also write about the pallet. It should be quite high, because the next day after watering the plant begins to suck the remaining moisture, and in significant quantities.
By the way, balsam can grow well both at home on the windowsill and in the garden. But when grown in open space in autumn, the flower will need to be transplanted into a pot and cleaned into the house.
You can buy in the store ready soil for flowering plants, it is quite suitable. Also favorable for the growth will be a mixture consisting of equal parts of humus, sod land and sand. If you want to provide ideal conditions for your balsam, you can prepare a more complex composition of peat, sand, humus, as well as turf and leafy lands. At the bottom of the pot certainly put a layer of drainage, which may consist of expanded clay or broken brick.
Balsam is considered a light-loving plant, so lighting should be sufficient. It will feel good in direct and bright sunshine, but if there is a lack of moisture in this case it can dry out. To avoid this, in hours of high solar activity shade the site.
Scattered light will do. If you grow a plant at home, then put the pot on the east or west window, closing it with curtains or blinds. In the shaded area the flower will also grow, but much more slowly and practically without buds.
Watering such a gentle and beautiful flower should be abundant, especially in the warm season. In summer, you can water after one or two days, and in winter it is better to do it a couple of times a week. Ideally, the soil should always remain slightly damp, otherwise the leaves may start to wither and dry. The lower the temperature, the smaller should be the volume of water.
The optimum temperature for a balsam is considered to be in the range of 20-25 degrees in the warm season. In winter, it is desirable to reduce it to about 15 degrees. If the room is very warm or hot, then air it regularly, but during the procedure it is advisable to remove the pot from the window in order to protect the plant from drafts.
Humidity should be average, that is, in the range of 50-60%. If it is low, then use a humidifier or place clay in the pan and water it to actively evaporate.And in the summer you can spray the leaves. But this should be done in the early morning, since during such a procedure during the day, water droplets under the influence of sunlight can cause burns.
Balsam can be fed all year round approximately once a month, this will ensure year-round flowering. If you do not need numerous buds, then fertilization will be enough only during the active growing season once every two weeks. For top dressing, you can use any complex compositions for flowering plants or indoor flowers.
Transplantation is desirable to carry out in the spring. Young balsam should be transplanted about once a year, and an adult - as they grow, that is, every two to three years. With the roots during the procedure should be more careful, it is desirable to remove them together with the soil.
If you want to make a bush more lush, then you can cut off the upper shoots in the spring. By the way, they can be used for breeding.
- Pests. Balsam can infect spider mites, aphids, whitefly and syarids. Such insects can fly from the street or from another indoor plant.
- If the leaves curl, start to rot or fall out, then most likely the balsam lacks light or moisture.
- If you notice a fall of flowers and buds, then the plant is probably cold. Also, the cause of this symptom may be insufficient lighting.
- Due to excess and stagnant water, balsam may start to rot. But the most dangerous consequence is the rotting of the root system, which can lead to the death of the balsam.
- If the plant practically does not bloom, you probably chose an oversized pot. You can also try to begin to fertilize the soil regularly, lack of nutrients can also lead to the absence of buds.
Take care of your plants so that they always delight you with their beautiful flowers!
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